Meaningful Human Control or Appropriate Human Judgment? The Necessary Limits on Autonomous Weapons

Whether the international community adopts the policy principle of meaningful human control or appropriate human judgment, the logical policy and legal conclusions will be the same. That is, if states accept that the obligations of the laws of war fall on human beings to undertake proportionality calculations, precautionary measures and discriminate between military and civilian objects and persons, there are strict limitations the deployment of autonomous weapons systems in time and space due to the requisite information such commanders require to make such judgments. Moreover, the fielding of learning systems may be impermissible because they will frustrate the ability of a commander to know the likely effects of fielding such a system.

Read the full paper by Heather Roff here.